• BMP

    A bitmapped image format used internally by the Microsoft Windows graphics subsystem (GDI), and used commonly as a simple graphics file format on Windows.

  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    International non-profit, professional organization for the advancement of technology related to electricity.

  • Automatic Document Feeder (ADF)

    An Automatic Document Feeder (ADF) is a mechanism that will automatically feed an original sheet of paper so that a printer can scan some amount of the paper at once.

  • WEP

    Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is a security protocol specified in the IEEE 802.11 standard to provide the same level of security as the one of a wired LAN.

    WEP provides security by encrypting data sent wirelessly so that it is protected as it is transmitted from one end point to another.

    WEP is not regarded as very secure in the industry. 

  • WPA-PSK

    WPA-PSK (WPA Pre-Shared Key) is special mode of WPA for small business or home users.

    A shared key, or password, is configured in the wireless access point (WAP) and any wireless laptop or desktop devices. WPA-PSK generates a unique key for each session between a wireless client and the associated WAP for more advanced security.

  • HyperText Markup Language (HTML)

    HTML is the language used to create web pages such as the one you are currently looking at.

    HTML is a standard normalized by the W3C.

  • Charge Coupled Device (CCD)

    Charge Coupled Device (CCD) is the hardware which captures the image in scanners and digital cameras.

  • Subnet Mask

    The subnet mask is used in conjunction with the network address to determine which part of the address is the network address and which part is the host address.

    A subnet mask may look like 255.255.255.0 which means the first 3 bytes are part of the network and the last byte is the address of the host on the subnet.

    Another way to write the same network mask as above is /24 which means the 24 first bits (8 bits * 3 bytes) are part of the network.

  • JPEG or JPG

    The Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) algorythm is a very commonly used method of compression for photographic images. It is also a file format used for storing or transmitting photos.

    The JPEG algorythm is lossy which means some details of the original picture are lost when compressing the algorythm. The algorythm has a quality setting allowing to set a balance between smaller file size and better quality.

  • eXtensible Markup Language (XML)

    XML stands for eXtensible Markup Language.

    It is a way of organizing text and/or contents with tags. Tags look like this:

    <sometag>some content</sometag>

    Of course, although possible, this is not designed to be read by humans. It is designed to be processed by machines. Typically one program generates an XML document and another one computes it to some further extent.

    And XML document very much looks like an HTML document, except that the tags are different.

    There are actually many different dialects of XML, each for a different purpose. Each of these dialects has its own tags. And even more tags can be added. Hence the "eXtensible" in the name.

    There is an XML dialect for writing web pages. It is called XHTML. It is basically the same thing as HTML except for minor syntaxic differences. For example in HYML you would write <BR> whereas in XML you would write <br />.

    Other XML dialects include RSS and Atom.