• eXtensible Markup Language (XML)

    XML stands for eXtensible Markup Language.

    It is a way of organizing text and/or contents with tags. Tags look like this:

    <sometag>some content</sometag>

    Of course, although possible, this is not designed to be read by humans. It is designed to be processed by machines. Typically one program generates an XML document and another one computes it to some further extent.

    And XML document very much looks like an HTML document, except that the tags are different.

    There are actually many different dialects of XML, each for a different purpose. Each of these dialects has its own tags. And even more tags can be added. Hence the "eXtensible" in the name.

    There is an XML dialect for writing web pages. It is called XHTML. It is basically the same thing as HTML except for minor syntaxic differences. For example in HYML you would write <BR> whereas in XML you would write <br />.

    Other XML dialects include RSS and Atom.

  • Automatic Document Feeder (ADF)

    An Automatic Document Feeder (ADF) is a mechanism that will automatically feed an original sheet of paper so that a printer can scan some amount of the paper at once.

  • Charge Coupled Device (CCD)

    Charge Coupled Device (CCD) is the hardware which captures the image in scanners and digital cameras.

  • JPEG or JPG

    The Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) algorythm is a very commonly used method of compression for photographic images. It is also a file format used for storing or transmitting photos.

    The JPEG algorythm is lossy which means some details of the original picture are lost when compressing the algorythm. The algorythm has a quality setting allowing to set a balance between smaller file size and better quality.

  • WPS

    Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is a standard for setting up a wireless home network.

    If your wireless access point/router supports WPS, you can configure the wireless network connections easily without requiring a computer. For example, all you may have to do is press a button on the devices to register them on the network.

  • WEP

    Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is a security protocol specified in the IEEE 802.11 standard to provide the same level of security as the one of a wired LAN.

    WEP provides security by encrypting data sent wirelessly so that it is protected as it is transmitted from one end point to another.

    WEP is not regarded as very secure in the industry. 

  • iTunes

    iTunes™ is a software application developed by Apple. It is available for Mac OS and Windows and can be downloaded freely from apple.com.

    iTunes' original purpose was to allows you to manage your digital music library (mp3, aac, etc.), listen to music on your computer and synchronize your music with your iPod.

    iTunes evolved into a media manager not just handling music/"tunes" but also Movies, TV Shows, Podcasts and more.

    iTunes is required to access the iTunes store which lets you purchase music, videos and othe rmedia but also applications for the iPhone, as well as ringtones.

    More info: http://www.apple.com/itunes/download/

  • Comma Separated Values (CSV)

    File format used to exchange data between disparate applications. The file format, originally
    introduced by Microsoft Excel, has become a de facto standard throughout the industry, even among non-Microsoft platforms.

  • DLNA

    The Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA) is a standard that allows devices on a home network to share information with each other.

    It is typically used to store media files (photos, music, videos...) on a central server and allow devices like connected TVs or music palyers to access these media files directly through the network.

  • Domain Name

    A domain name looks like some-name.com, another-name.org or even yet_another.ca for example.

    Those names are registered centrally for each "Top Level Domain" (TLD) such as .com , .org or .de ( "ca" being teh country code for Canada for example ).

    Once a domain name is registered it can be used to locate servers on the internet by using the Domain Name System in order to route e-mail or access web sites.