• TIFF

    The Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) is a non compressed bitmap image format, typically produced by scanners.

    TIFF images typically include tags defining the characteristics of the image that is included in the file.

  • Charge Coupled Device (CCD)

    Charge Coupled Device (CCD) is the hardware which captures the image in scanners and digital cameras.

  • Lightweight Directory Acess Protocol (LDAP)

    Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is an networking protocol for querying and modifying directory services running over TCP/IP.

    Is is often use to verify a login/username against a central directory to allow/reject login and then maybe obtain more detailed information on the user (firstname, lastname, etc.)

  • eXtensible Markup Language (XML)

    XML stands for eXtensible Markup Language.

    It is a way of organizing text and/or contents with tags. Tags look like this:

    <sometag>some content</sometag>

    Of course, although possible, this is not designed to be read by humans. It is designed to be processed by machines. Typically one program generates an XML document and another one computes it to some further extent.

    And XML document very much looks like an HTML document, except that the tags are different.

    There are actually many different dialects of XML, each for a different purpose. Each of these dialects has its own tags. And even more tags can be added. Hence the "eXtensible" in the name.

    There is an XML dialect for writing web pages. It is called XHTML. It is basically the same thing as HTML except for minor syntaxic differences. For example in HYML you would write <BR> whereas in XML you would write <br />.

    Other XML dialects include RSS and Atom.

  • Modem

    A modulator-demodulator is a device used to transmit digital data over an analog channel. It modulates/demodulates a carrier signal in order to encode digital information onto it.

    A modem is typically used to transmit computer data over POTS phone lines.

  • Halftone

    An image type that simulates grayscale by varying the density of dots in a given area.

    Highly colored areas consist of a large density of dots, while lighter areas consist of a lower density of dots.

  • IEEE

    The Institution of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is an non-profit organisation involved in advance development of all technologies related to electricity.

  • Comma Separated Values (CSV)

    File format used to exchange data between disparate applications. The file format, originally
    introduced by Microsoft Excel, has become a de facto standard throughout the industry, even among non-Microsoft platforms.

  • Intranet

    An Intranet is a network using the same protocols of the public Internet but on a private scale, within an organization.

    For example a company may have an intranet for sharing informations between employees. That information would not be accessible outside of the company.

  • Photoshop

    Adobe Photoshop is the most widely used photo editing software in the world.

    It is also heavily used by graphic designers to create logos, buttons and other graphics for web sites.