The Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) algorythm is a very commonly used method of compression for photographic images. It is also a file format used for storing or transmitting photos.
The JPEG algorythm is lossy which means some details of the original picture are lost when compressing the algorythm. The algorythm has a quality setting allowing to set a balance between smaller file size and better quality.
A network protocol used by a network client to obtain its IP address automatically. This is usually done during the bootstrap process of computers or operating systems running on them. The BOOTP servers assign the IP address from a pool of addresses to each client. BOOTP enables 'diskless workstation' computers as well as other networked devices (printers...) to obtain an IP address prior to loading any advanced operating system.
The Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) is a non compressed bitmap image format, typically produced by scanners.
TIFF images typically include tags defining the characteristics of the image that is included in the file.
The subnet mask is used in conjunction with the network address to determine which part of the address is the network address and which part is the host address.
A subnet mask may look like 255.255.255.0 which means the first 3 bytes are part of the network and the last byte is the address of the host on the subnet.
Another way to write the same network mask as above is /24 which means the 24 first bits (8 bits * 3 bytes) are part of the network.
An Internet Service Provider is a company that lets you access the Internet from your home or office by using a DSL modem, a cable modem or any other device (including sattelite links, etc.).
They are a gateway between the connection that goes into your home/office and the rest of the Internet.
Frame-based computer networking technology used in local area networks (LANs). Ethernet defines wiring and signaling for the physical layer, and frame formats and protocols for the media access control (MAC)/data link layer of the OSI model. Ethernet is mostly standardized as IEEE 802.3.
It has become the most widespread LAN technology since the 1990s.
The Institution of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is an non-profit organisation involved in advance development of all technologies related to electricity.
A bitmapped image format used internally by the Microsoft Windows graphics subsystem (GDI), and used commonly as a simple graphics file format on Windows.
International non-profit, professional organization for the advancement of technology related to electricity.
Duty cycle is the page quantity which does not affect printer performance for a month. Generally the printer has the lifespan limitation such as pages per year. The lifespan means the average capacity of print-outs, usually within the warranty period. For example, if the duty cycle is 48,000 pages per month assuming 20 working days, a printer limits to 2,400 pages a day.